European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) Research Consortium

The EDID Research Consortium comprises multidisciplinary groups of scientists who, under the auspices of the international PSAD Group, have joined forces to enhance understanding and knowledge of one of the most prevalent and costly mental health problems associated with diabetes, namely clinical depression.

The aims of the EDID Research Consortium are:

  • To identify and implement research activities required to explore and resolve issues in the assessment, treatment and management of depression in diabetes, to help optimise clinical outcomes for people with diabetes
  • To bring about consensus on important topics amongst leading psychologists, diabetologists, and others associated with the prevention,  assessment, management and impact of depression among people with diabetes
  • To provide a platform for an exchange of findings and theoretical approaches related to depression and diabetes

The European collaborative research framework provides an unique opportunity to examine how clinical issues related to the prevention, screening, assessment and treatment of depression differ across European countries/regions and health care settings. While common research questions will be examined in collaborative research projects, each participating group may also address specific independent research questions. To that effect, the EDID Research Consortium has agreed to:

  • To include a common set of agreed measures in all EDID research, enabling comparison between studies
  • To subject all relevant research activities to quality control procedures
  • To make EDID research data available for a central EDID data bank, enabling group publications

EDID research groups are currently active in the UK, Netherlands, Germany, Slovenia, Croatia and Denmark.

The EDID Research Consortium’s network is supported by a grant from Novo Nordisk.

For more details on EDID, contact PSAD member and EDID Chair, Prof Arie Nouwen.

The bidirectional longitudinal association between depressive symptoms and HbA1c : A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Beran, M., Muzambi, R., Geraets, A., Albertorio-Diaz, J.R., Adriaanse, M.C., Iversen, M.M., Kokoszka A, Nefs G, Nouwen A, Pouwer F, Huber JW, Schmitt A, Schram MT; European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) Research Consortium (2022). Diabetic Medicine, 39(2):e14671.


Longitudinal associations between depression and diabetes complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nouwen, A. Adriaanse, M., van Dam, K., Iversen, M.M., Viechtbauer, W., Peyrot, M., Caramlau, I., Kokoszka, A., Kanc, K., de Groot, M., Nefs, G.M., Pouwer, F. (2019). Diabetic Medicine, 36,1562-1572.


The prevalence of depression in persons with impaired glucose metabolism or undiagnosed diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) research consortium.

NOUWEN, A., Nefs, G., Caramlau, I., Connock, M., Winkley, K., Lloyd, C.E., Peyrot, M., & Pouwer, F. (2011). Diabetes Care, 34, 752-762.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for the onset of depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

NOUWEN, A., Winkley, K., Twisk, J., Lloyd, C.E., Peyrot, M., Ismail, K., & Pouwer, F. (2010). Type 2 diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for the onset of depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetologia, 53, 2480-2486.


Does emotional stress cause type 2 diabetes mellitus? A review from the European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) Research Consortium.

Pouwer, F., Kupper, N., Adriaanse, M.C. (2010). Discovery Medicine, 9,112-118.


Serious diabetes-specific emotional problems in patients with type 2 diabetes who have different levels of comorbid depression: a Polish study from the European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) Research Consortium.

Kokoszka, A., Pouwer, F., Jodko, A., Radzio ,R., Mućko, P., Bieńkowska, J., Kuligowska, E., Smoczyńska, O., Skłodowska, Z. (2009). European Psychiatry, 24,425-430.


Depression and quality of life in patients with diabetes: a systematic review from the European depression in diabetes (EDID) research consortium.

Schram, M.T., Baan, C.A., Pouwer, F. (2009). Current Diabetes Review, 5,112-119.


Symptoms of depression and diabetes-specific emotional distress are associated with a negative appraisal of insulin therapy in insulin-naïve patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. A study from the European Depression in Diabetes [EDID] Research Consortium.

Makine, C., Karşidağ, C., Kadioğlu, P., Ilkova, H., Karşidağ, K., Skovlund, S.E., Snoek, F.J., Pouwer, F. (2009). Diabetic Medicine, 26, 28-33.


Depression in Croatian Type 2 diabetic patients: prevalence and risk factors. A Croatian survey from the European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) Research Consortium.

Pibernik-Okanovic, M., Peros, K., Szabo, S., Begic, D., Metelko, Z. (2005). Diabetic Medecine, 22, 942-945.


Serious diabetes-specific emotional problems and depression in a Croatian-Dutch-English Survey from the European Depression in Diabetes [EDID] Research Consortium.

Pouwer, F., Skinner, T.C., Pibernik-Okanovic, M., Beekman, A.T., Cradock, S., Szabo, S., Metelko, Z., Snoek, F.J. (2005). Diabetes Research & Clinical Practice, 70, 166-173.